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Friday, October 26, 2012

CUBA Y MENOYO MENOS YO

con una serie de inexactitudes no del todo inexactas se anuncia la muerte del gallejo eloy gutierrez menoyo. la leyenda urbana del exilio lo pone de fundador de alpha 66 (fundada por nazario sargen y vicente mendez en 1961 con 66 hombres en cuya nomina no estaba el nombre del difunto). la acusacion de que menoyo era el lider de alpha 66 viene del gobierno cubano tras su desembarco en 1964, quizas atribuida por el propio menoyo en su afan de resaltar. de todas formas menoyo cumplio carcel y fue golpeado salvajemente hasta perder la vista de un ojo. y cuando el dialogo del 78 entre el gobierno y el exilio, menoyo, tuerto, aparece en un video con unas valientes declaraciones donde especifica que no hay dialogo verdadero mientras no haya libertad real para el pueblo cubano. pero esa manera de pensar la cambia al llegar al exilio, renegar de alpha 66, distanciarse de los lideres locales y fundar cambio cubano en 1993, con propuesta de dialogo eterno. muchos dicen que lo que siempre busco menoyo fue protagonismo. al ser capturado se hizo pasar por jefe de alpha 66. al denunciar el dialogo se volvio lider del presidio politico, por encima de huber matos y rolando cubela. y luego en miami planteo el conversaito de nuevo para llamar la atencion del gobierno cubano. que asi fue. participo en las primeras reuniones de la decada del 90 entre personajes del exilio y autoridades cubanas, fidel castro incluido. me conto un seguroso, no aca sino alla, que fidel trato muy mal a menoyo. la version local de que menoyo ha sido siempre un agente de la seguridad cubana luce tragicamente comica si tenemos en cuenta la paliza que le dieron en isla de pinos y su resume carcelario (22 años). su fijacion mental con que el gobierno cubano le aceptara poner una oficinita de su organizacion en la habana recibio el choteo del exilio incluyendo el mio con mis caricaturas editoriales en el herald.
entonces remato todo quedandose a vivir en la habana de manera sorpresiva mientras su familia regresaba a estados unidos tras una visita a la isla. no se sabe el motivo, si la morriña o el desencanto del exilio. pero lo que se sabe es que menoyo comenzo a recibir dinero en cuba de la cuenta bancaria que tenia su grupo politico cambio cubano y alla vivia como un pasha con una mulata 30 años menor que el. viene a la mente aquel dicho cubano de que un bollo jala mas que una carreta de buey. tras un chivatazo -hay muchos envidiosos- el miami ocean bank le congelo la cuenta porque rompia las leyes del embargo. el abogado alfredo duran defendio el caso pero nada pudo hacer. su asociado eddy guallar, que quedo al frente de cambio cubano en miami, comento a la prensa que: por una parte se aprueban fondos federales millonarios para la disidencia en cuba, y cuando un dirigente del exilio pasa a la oposicion dentro de la isla, entonces le congelan la cuenta a esa organizacion. de todas formas los asociados de menoyo siguieron pasandole fula por otras vias para mantenerlo alla. y a decir verdad, menoyo fue lider. logro reunir 300 rebeldes en 1958 en el escambray en 11 meses, cifra que le tomo a fidel castro lograr en 2 años en la sierra maestra; y una fuerza considerable como para que el che guevara le respetase al llegar con su invasion a las villas, con 700 hombres. en la habana, menoyo habia chocado con rolando cubela dentro de las filas del clandestinaje porque cubela queria mantener las acciones urbanas. menoyo planteaba irse a las lomas del centro del pais y crear un frente rebelde. mucha gente dice que lo queria hacer por protagonismo. menoyo sugirio que era porque habia que detener el impetu de fidel, que era comunista. pero los enemigos de menoyo dicen que lo hizo por miedo pues en el llano estaban diezmando a los clandestinos y ya no tenian donde esconderse. cualquiera de las 3 variantes hizo que el secretario general del directorio revolucionario, faure choumon, acusara de traidor a menoyo y asi el gallejo se encaramo en el escambray con max lesnik, armando fleites y lazaro artola detras de el. y a finales de año ya tomaron caserios, controlaron fincas y asaron vacas hasta que llego el che y los mando a pelear. en el 61 menoyo se escapa de cuba por mar hasta cayo hueso. en el 62 se une al grupo alpha 66 como asistente militar. en el 63 comienza a entrenarlos en las bahamas y vicente mendez le cede el mando militar. y en un desembarco planeado para 50 hombres, al final se embarcan solo 4. los cubanos, cuando es fiesta se apuntan todos, para pelear hay que jalarlos por los pelos.  los 4 gatos entran por baracoa y son capturados un mes despues. hay controversia en la vida de este hombre. porque fue de guerrero a quasi pastor. o parece que asi es la metastasis de la violencia en el ser humano. conoci a menoyo precisamente en el 92 cuando tenia una revista y me llamo para que le hiciera graficas y caricaturas. yo trabajaba entonces en el semanario exito! y publicaba un panfleto satirico (exilium tremens). mi entrevista con el en su oficina de westchester fue singular porque empece mintiendole, inflando sueldo y tirada de revista. pero en un momento dado me para en seco sonriendo y me dice: yo se que no ganas ni publicas tanto. obvia eso y dime cuanto me vas a cobrar. comprendiendo que hablaba con alguien por encima de mis posibilidades reales, acepte humildemente la correccion y nos comunicamos francamente. al final no hubo acuerdo aunque le deje algunos trabajos de regalo que publico en su revista, creo. gente asi, queda poca, se van muriendo como el, se embalsaman como fidel, o se malogran, como lesnik.©varela 

with a series of inaccuracies not entirely inaccurate it announces the death of the galician eloy gutierrez menoyo. the exile urban legend makes him founder of alpha 66 (founded by nazario sargen and vicente mendez in 1961 with 66 men in whose payroll was not the name of the deceased). the accusation that menoyo was the leader of alpha 66 comes from the cuban government after his landing in 1964, maybe attributed by the own menoyo in his desire for prominence. menoyo met jail anyway and was savagely beaten until he lost sight in one eye. and when the 78 dialogue between the government and the exile, menoyo, one-eyed, appears in a video with some brave statements which specifies that there is no real dialogue while there is no real freedom for the cuban people. but that way of thinking changes it when he goes into exile, renegates on alpha 66, distances himself from local leaders and founded cambio cubano in 1993, with proposal of eternal dialogue. many say that everything was always because menoyo was looking to be the center of the stage. been caught he poses as leader of alpha 66. in denouncing the dialogue he became leader of the political prison, above huber matos and rolando cubela. and then in miami he rose the talks again to draw the attention of cuba. so it was that. he participated in the first meetings of the 1990s between characters of exile and cuban authorities, fidel castro included. a seguroso told me, not here but there, that fidel tried poorly menoyo. the local version that menoyo has always been an agent of the cuban security looks tragically comical if we take into account the beating they gave him on isla de pinos and his prison resume (22 years). his mental fixation that the cuban government would accept to put an office of his organization in habana, received the exile choteo including mine with my editorial cartoons in the herald. 
then he finished all staying to live in havana surprisingly as his family returned to united states after a visit to the island. the reason, it is not known if the homesick or the disenchantment of exile. but what people know is that menoyo began to receive money in cuba for the bank account that had his group cambio cubano and he was living as a pasha with a mulata 30 years younger than him. it comes to mind a cuban popular said that un bollo jala mas que una carreta de buey (a pussy pulled more than a ox cart). after a tip-off -there are many envious- the miami ocean bank freezed the account because that was violating the laws of the embargo. the lawyer alfredo duran defended the case but nothing could do. his associated eddy guallar, which remained at the forefront of cambio cubano in miami, commented to the press that: on one hand they approve millionaires federal funds to dissidents in cuba, and when a leader of the exile goes to the opposition within the island, then they freezed the account to that organization. anyway menoyo partners followed passing fula in other ways to his life over there. and to tell the truth, menoyo was a leader. he can gather 300 rebels in 1958 in the escambray in 11 months, a figure that took to fidel castro achieve in 2 years in the sierra maestra; and a considerable force so che guevara respected him arriving with his invasion at the villas, with 700 men. in havana, menoyo had shocked with rolando cubela within the ranks of the clandestine because cubela wanted to maintain the urban actions. menoyo raised go to the hills in the middle of the country to create a rebel front. many people say that he wanted to do by prominence. menoyo suggested that was because he had to stop the momentum of fidel, who was a communist. but the enemies of menoyo said that he did so out of fear because in the plain were decimating the resistence and no longer had place to hide. any of the 3 variants made the general secretary of the revolutionary directory, faure choumon, accused menoyo as traitor, and so the gallejo climbs the escambray mountains with max lesnik, armando fleites and lazaro artola behind him. and at the end of the year they already took hamlets, controlled farms and roasted cows until arrived che and send them to fight. in the 61 menoyo escapes from cuba by sea to key west. in 62 joins the group alpha 66 as a military assistant. in 63 starts to train them in the bahamas and vicente mendez gave him the military command. and in a landing planned for 50 men, at the end were shipped only 4. cubans, when party, sign up all, but to fight, you should pull them by the hair. 4 cats enter baracoa and were caught a month later. there is controversy in the life of this man. because it was from warrior to quasi pastor. or it seems that is the metastasis of human violence. i met menoyo precisely in 92 when he had a magazine and called me to make graphics and cartoons. i worked then in the weekly exito! and was publishing a satirical pamphlet (exilium tremens). my interview with him in his westchester office was unique because i started liying, inflating salary and magazine issues. but at one point he stopped me and with a smile told me: i know that you don't get both, that much money or public both. obvious that and tell me how much is your fee. realizing that i was speaking with someone above my real possibilities, i humbly accepted the correction and we communicate frankly. at the end there was no agreement but i dropped some works as gift that he published in his magazine, i believe. people like that, are a few, they are dying like him, they get embalmed as fidel, or they get spolied, as lesnik.©varela